Many times in the world, the crisis of Pandemic has come to the fore. Every time this Pandemic has caused the death of several lakh people. Well, since ancient times, the whole world has been affected by many types of Pandemic, but since the modern means of transport has developed in the world, and people have started traveling from one country to another in a short time. In a short time, epidemics have started spreading from one country to another. When an epidemic takes place from one country to another, it engulfs many countries of the world, then it is called Pandemic.
Flu Pandemic (1889-1890) – Influenza pandemic of 1918–19, also called Spanish influenza pandemic or Spanish flu. The first cases of this Pandemic were reported in Russia. Soon the disease spread to Europe and many other parts of the world. An influenza virus called influenza type A subtype H1N1 is now known to have been the cause of the extreme mortality of this pandemic, which resulted in an estimated 2.50 Crore (25 million) deaths, though some researchers have projected that it caused as many as 4 Crore-5 Crore (40–50 million) deaths in all over world.
AIDS (1981 – Present) – AIDS is a global epidemic that has its origins in African countries. The disease was first identified in 1981. This disease is caused by a virus called HIV. This virus is transmitted from one person to another only by blood contact. According to an estimate, about 3.50 Crore (35 million) people have died since 1981.
Third Plague Pandemic (1855) – The third plague pandemic was a major bubonic plague pandemic that began in Yunnan, China, in 1855. Soon this epidemic also occurred in India and devastated in India. This plague showed its influence mainly in China and India. A total of 1.20 Crore (12 million) people died from this disease at that time, in which 1 Crore (10 million) people died only in India.
Hong Kong Flu (1968-1969) – It was caused by an H3N2 strain of the influenza A virus. the first case of this Pandemic was reported on July 13, 1968 in Hong Kong. It has been estimated that between 10 Lakh (1 million) and 40 Lakh (4 million) people died due to this epidemic.
Third Cholera Pandemic (1846–1860) – The third cholera pandemic (1846–60) was originating in India. And gradually it spread to many other countries of the world. In Russia, more than 10 lakh (1 million) people died of the disease. In England too, this disease killed many thousands of people. In India too, lakhs of people died from this disease. This epidemic killed around 20 Lakh (2 million) people all over the world.
Asian Flu (1957-1958) – The Asian Flu pandemic was emerged in China, The disease was caused by a virus called H2N2. the disease claimed that 11 Lakh (1.1 Million) people died due to this Pandemic. The virus that caused the pandemic was a blend of avian flu viruses. The highest death due to this disease was in Hong Kong, where 5 lakh (500,000) people died.
Coroa/COVID 19 (2019 – Present) – The COVID-19 pandemic, also known as the coronavirus pandemic, is an ongoing pandemic in all over world. The first case of Corona has reported on 31st December, 2019 in Wuhan, Hubei (China). In very short time this disease spread in all over World. Till 04th June, 2020, 3,86,000 people died in all over world due to Corona. America has been the most affected by this disease, where more than one lakh people have died so far.
H1N1 Swine Flu Pandemic (2009-2010) – Swine flu originated in Mexico in the year 2009. In one year, the disease spread all over the world, and about 1.4 billion people suffered from the disease and according to the statistics across the world between 151,700 and 575,400 people died, according to the CDC. Even today, this disease sometimes appears in many countries. Its side effects are also seen in India.
Ebola Epidemic (2014-2016) – The Ebola epidemic originated in African countries. The first case to be reported was in Guinea in December 2013. Soon the disease reached many countries of the world. About 11,325 people died due to this epidemic.
Here is list of Top 10 deadly Pandemic in the modern world and number of total deaths due to Pandemic.
In ancient times, there used to be times of epidemics in which the population of the city was destroyed. Here is a list of pandemics who came in the 19th century, 20th century and 21st century, who showed their influence on a global scale.